Safety performance indicators

High level outcome measures

MeasureBaseline
(2008–2010)1
2016% Change
Number of deaths resulting from road crashes 1,426 1,296 -9.1%
Number of road crashes resulting in deaths 1,297 1,203 -7.3%
Number of deaths per 100,000 population 6.6 5.4 -18.7%
Number of deaths per 100 million vehicle-kilometres travelled 0.63 0.52 -18.0%
Number of deaths per 10,000 registered vehicles 0.91 0.70 -22.5%

Safety performance indicators

MeasureBaseline
(2008–2010)
20162% Change
Safe roads
Number of deaths from head-on crashes 271 268 -1.2%
Number of deaths from single-vehicle crashes 651 572 -12.1%
Number of deaths from intersection crashes 301 268 -11.0%
Number of deaths from crashes on metropolitan roads3 490 452 -7.8%
Number of deaths from crashes on regional roads 787 720 -8.5%
Number of deaths from crashes on remote roads4 137 123 -10.4%
Safe speeds
Number of deaths from crashes where speed was a contributory factor N/A N/A  
Mean free speeds at designated sites across the network N/A N/A  
Percentage of vehicles speeding by vehicle type and offence category N/A N/A  
Safe vehicles
Average age of the Australian vehicle fleet (years)5 10.0 10.1 +1.0%
Average age of passenger vehicles 9.7 9.8 +1.0%
Percentage of new light vehicles sold with a 5-star ANCAP rating6 56% (2010) 88% 57.1%
Percentage of new vehicles sold with key safety features N/A N/A  
Safe people—responsible road use
Number of young driver and motorcycle rider deaths (aged 17–25 yrs) 223 179 -19.6%
Number of deaths from crashes involving a young driver or motorcycle rider (aged 17–25 yrs) 470 351 -25.3%
Number of older driver and motorcycle rider deaths (aged 65+ yrs) 114 143 +25.8%
Number of deaths from crashes involving an older driver or motorcycle rider (aged 65+ yrs) 208 235 +12.8%
Number of motorcyclist deaths 232 251 +8.3%
Number of cyclist deaths 32 29 -10.3%
Number of pedestrian deaths 186 182 -2.3%
Number of deaths from crashes involving a heavy vehicle 254 210 -17.2%
Safe people—irresponsible road use7
Number of drivers and motorcycle riders killed with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above the legal limit 8 149 94 -36.9%
Number of deaths from crashes involving a driver or motorcycle rider with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above the legal limit11 214 128 -40.2%
Number of deaths from crashes involving an unlicensed driver or motorcycle rider9 143 120 -15.9%
Number of vehicle occupants killed who were not wearing a restraint 215 156 -27.6%
  201010 2016  
Number of drivers and motorcycle riders killed who had an illegal drug in their system11 53 73  
Number of deaths from crashes involving a driver or motorcycle rider who had an illegal drug in their system 84 114  

1 Average annual number during the three-year period 2008 to 2010. Note the baseline figures shown here are rounded to whole numbers, but were not rounded to calculate percentage change calculations. The baseline figures were updated in 2017 and will vary from previous reports.
2 Uses data from the National Crash Database
3 This count excludes Hobart and Darwin. Uses Australian Statistical Geography Standard Remoteness Structure from the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
4 Totals for metropolitan, regional and remote categories do not add to the annual totals because some fatalities could not be coded to a regional category.
5 Based on estimates from the annual Motor Vehicle Census, Australian Bureau of Statistics.
6 This data sourced from ANCAP.
7 Fatality counts for each of the following indicators are lower-bound estimates —due to a substantial number of cases with unknown values.
8 Data excludes Victoria as BAC data were unavailable, and excludes Western Australia as licensing data (needed to determine legal BAC limit) was unavailable.
9 Excludes data from Western Australia as licensing data was unavailable.
10 Excludes data from ACT
11 Excludes data from Victoria, Queensland and Western Australia. Data was not collected before 2010.