Developing interventions to address the most important road safety issues
To guide the development of a combination of initiatives which are likely to help reach the ten-year casualty reduction targets, first the major crash risk issues were identified and then the types of intervention most likely to be effective in tackling these issues. These broad areas for improvement became the focus for developing more detailed measures in each cornerstone area. They need to:
- have considerable potential to yield benefits based on available evidence, and
- not present the community with a potentially unreasonable burden.
The table below shows how actions in each of the four cornerstone areas address the major crash problems, and the benefits they can be expected to provide for specific road user groups.
[Click table to view larger image]
Crash problem areas mapped to the strategy cornerstone areas
Where there is insufficient proof or community support for particular measures, establishing demonstration or pilot projects may provide a means of demonstrating the practical application and benefits of new initiatives.
Identification, monitoring, and responding to new and emerging crash risk issues will continue, particularly in geographic sub-areas, or specific road user/demographic groups, with a high crash risk.
Tailoring interventions for different areas
A large proportion of Australia's fatalities and serious injuries occur in regional areas and the fatality rates per population are significantly higher in both regional and remote areas.
It is important that interventions are developed to respond to the different needs and circumstances of metropolitan, regional and remote Australia. It is just as important to acknowledge and respond to the differences encountered in each jurisdiction. This process must take into account not only differences in the most common crash types and risk factors, but also the relative practicality and feasibility of certain interventions for different areas.
The following table shows how some of the key interventions will have a particular impact in certain locations.
Key areas of intervention by cornerstone and geographical location
|Area||Safe roads||Safe speeds||Safe vehicles||Safe road use|
|All of Australia||All road projects to comply with Safe System principles.
Safer roads programs targeting key crash types.
|Best practice speed enforcement.
Public information about the community benefits of lower travel speeds.
Introduction of risk-based
national speed limit guidelines.
|Improved vehicle safety standards.
Increased uptake of crash avoidance
and occupant protection measures.
|Ongoing behaviour change programs to meet
|Metropolitan areas||Safer roads programs targeting intersection and roadside crashes and protecting vulnerable road users.||Reduce speed limits at intersections.
More speed limits of 40 km/h or lower in pedestrian and cycling areas.
crash avoidance and pedestrian and bicyclist protection.
|Regional and remote areas||Safer roads programs targeting run- off-road and head-on crash risk, and safer intersection treatments.||Review of speed limits on higher crash risk routes.||Focus on countering run- off-road crashes.||Improved access to graduated licensing for disadvantaged groups.|